ELI5: Explain Like I'm 5

how quantum mechanics work

Quantum mechanics is a special way of understanding how particles like atoms and photons behave. These particles are really really small and so regular everyday rules don’t quite apply when we’re talking about them. To help us figure out how they behave, scientists use a special set of rules called quantum mechanics. In quantum mechanics, particles can behave like both a wave and a particle, but they can’t be both at the same time. They can also be made up of tiny, tiny pieces, called quanta. When scientists talk about quantum particles, they are actually talking about these quanta. Together, these strange rules help us predict how matter will behave at a very small scale.