ELI5: Explain Like I'm 5

immanent critique

Okay, so imagine you made a drawing, and your teacher is looking at it and telling you what's good and what needs to be improved. That's kind of like what someone does when they do an immanent critique.

They look at something (like a book or a movie or a political idea) and they try to figure out what's good about it and what could be better.

But here's the tricky part: they don't just say "this is good" or "this is bad" because they feel like it. Instead, they look really closely at the thing they're critiquing and try to find any problems or disagreements that are already there.

It's kind of like being a detective, trying to find all the clues and signs that the thing you're looking at isn't perfect.

Then, they use those problems and disagreements to suggest ways that the thing could be better.

So instead of just saying "I don't like this," they are saying "I found these problems in what you made, and here are some ways you could fix them." That can be really helpful for the person who made the thing because they can learn from it and make it even better next time!