ELI5: Explain Like I'm 5

thermal hydrolysis

Thermal hydrolysis is a process that involves heating up water and organic matter in order to break down the materials into smaller pieces that are easier to process. Think of it like cooking food - when you heat up food, it becomes softer and easier to chew and digest.

In thermal hydrolysis, the organic matter (like poop or food waste) is mixed with water and then heated up to a high temperature. This causes the organic matter to break down into smaller pieces, which can then be further processed into useful products like fertilizer or fuel.

The process of thermal hydrolysis works because the high temperature breaks down the chemical bonds that hold the organic matter together. This makes it easier for bacteria and other microorganisms to break down the materials even further, turning them into useful products.

Overall, thermal hydrolysis is an important process for managing waste and creating useful products from organic matter. While it might seem complicated, it's actually just like cooking - heating things up to make them easier to digest and use.