A Linux startup process is the way in which a computer with a Linux operating system (OS) starts. When you turn on your computer, the Linux OS is loaded from the hard drive and takes control of the computer. The Linux startup process can be broken down into three main parts:
1. BIOS: The Basic Input Output System (BIOS) is responsible for performing a series of tests on the computer's hardware to check that everything is working correctly. After it has completed the tests, the BIOS locates the first piece of software it needs to start the computer.
2. Bootloader: The bootloader is a small program stored on a special section of the hard drive. It is responsible for loading the Linux OS.
3. Kernel: The kernel is the core of the Linux OS. It is responsible for interfacing with the computer's hardware and managing the tasks on the computer. The kernel also starts all of the other programs that the computer needs to run.
Once the kernel is loaded, the computer can start to use the Linux OS.