ELI5: Explain Like I'm 5

single sideband

Have you ever played with a radio, changing the station to find your favorite music or talk show? Well, you know that a radio works by receiving signals from a broadcast station. These signals are usually in the form of electromagnetic waves that carry information (like sound or music) from the broadcast station to your radio.

Now, imagine that you are trying to receive signals from a faraway station, and there are many other signals interfering with the one you want to listen to. This can make it hard to hear what you want. That's where a technique called single sideband (SSB) comes in.

Single sideband is a way of transmitting radio signals that makes it easier to receive them over long distances and in noisy conditions. The trick with SSB is that it removes one of the two sidebands (upper or lower) from an AM (amplitude modulated) signal.

Here's how it works: when you use a regular AM radio, the signal is transmitted on two sidebands - an upper sideband and a lower sideband. But with SSB, only one sideband is transmitted, and the other sideband is removed. This means that the transmitted signal has less bandwidth (frequency range), and therefore less interference.

Another advantage of SSB is that it's more efficient than AM at using the available frequency spectrum. In other words, it can transmit more information using less bandwidth. This is especially useful for radio communications where there is limited frequency space available.

In summary, single sideband is a radio transmission technique that removes one of the two sidebands of an AM signal. This makes it easier to receive signals over long distances and in noisy conditions, and it also uses the available frequency spectrum more efficiently.
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